中国医学科学院学报

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中国医学科学院学报

中国医学科学院学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 359-366.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.10723

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

光学相干断层扫描血管成像对玻璃体腔注射雷珠单抗治疗湿性年龄相关性黄斑变性的随访观察

原铭贞,周慧颖,陈有信()   

  1. 中国医学科学院 北京协和医学院 北京协和医院眼科,北京 100730
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-20 出版日期:2019-06-30 发布日期:2019-07-04
  • 通讯作者: 陈有信 E-mail:chenyx@pumch.cn

Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography-based Follow-up Observation of Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration after Intravitreal Anti-Ranibizumab Therapy

YUAN Mingzhen,ZHOU Huiying,CHEN Youxin()   

  1. Department of Ophthalmology,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China
  • Received:2018-07-20 Online:2019-06-30 Published:2019-07-04
  • Contact: Youxin CHEN E-mail:chenyx@pumch.cn

摘要:

目的 利用光学相干断层扫描血管成像(OCTA)观察雷珠单抗玻璃体腔注射3次+必要时(3+PRN)方案治疗湿性年龄相关性黄斑变性(AMD)的图像特征。方法 选取2016年9月至2017年5月经荧光素眼底血管造影(FFA)、吲哚菁绿血管造影(ICGA)检查确诊且未予治疗的湿性AMD患者8例8只眼,按照3+PRN治疗方案给予玻璃体腔注射雷珠单抗(0.5 mg/0.05 ml)治疗,采用OCTA 6 mm×6 mm范围模式扫描黄斑区视网膜,在患者治疗前,治疗后1、3、6个月进行规律的门诊随访,记录患者最小分辨角对数(logMAR)矫正视力、脉络膜新生血管(CNV)分型、CNV形态特征及变化、黄斑中心凹视网膜厚度(CRT)、黄斑区视网膜外层血流密度(ORVD)及脉络膜毛细血管层血流密度(CCVD)。结果 男性4例4只眼,女性4例4只眼,平均年龄(70.9±10.6)岁;3只眼为Ⅰ型CNV,5只眼为Ⅱ型CNV。治疗前,治疗后1、3、6个月最佳矫正视力(BCVA)分别为0.55(0.33,0.87)、0.35(0.24,0.84)、0.35(0.22,0.58)、0.26(0.10,0.58)logMAR,各组间差异均无统计学意义(P均>0.05);CRT分别为(271.88±91.95)、(204.00±45.78)、(196.00±31.14)、(219.25±71.32)μm,其中,治疗3个月与治疗前差异有统计学意义(t=2.211,P=0.044);ORVD分别为(41.38±2.77)%、(41.73±3.60)%、(42.53±1.95)%、(41.40±2.33)%,各组间差异均无统计学意义(P均>0.05);CCVD分别为(64.38±2.24)%、(64.96±1.39)%、(64.16±1.39)%、(64.63±1.86)%,各组间差异也均无统计学意义(P均>0.05)。相关性分析结果显示,BCVA与CRT(P=0.009, RR=0.457)和CCVD(P=0.001,RR=0.574)显著相关,与ORVD(P=0.093,RR=0.302)不相关。治疗前CNV形态特征,2只眼为团状,2只眼为线条样,2只眼为纠缠错乱状,1只眼为椭圆环形,1只眼为碎片样。治疗1个月,7只眼CNV形态趋于正常化,表现为CNV最大直径减小、断裂/破碎、周边毛细血管丢失、数量和密度下降、所在区域最大横截面积减小;1只眼CNV形态较前恶化,表现为CNV吻合成环、密度增加、最大血管直径增加。治疗3个月,7只眼CNV形态趋于正常化,1只眼较前无明显变化。治疗6个月,5只眼CNV趋于正常化,3只眼恶化。随访中未发现眼内感染或玻璃体内注射的其他并发症。结论 利用OCTA技术观察CNV特征能够评估湿性AMD患者接受雷珠单抗治疗的疗效,可为湿性AMD患者的治疗与随访提供指导。

关键词: 湿性年龄相关性黄斑变性, 光学相干断层扫描血管成像, 雷珠单抗, 随访观察

Abstract:

Objective To observe the imaging features of optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)in eyes with wet age-related macular degeneration(wAMD)after treatment with 3+pro re nata(3+PRN)of intravitreal anti-Ranibizumab.Methods This study included 8 treatment-naive eyes with wAMD diagnosed by fluorescein fundus angiography(FFA)and indocyanine green angiography(ICGA)from September 2016 to May 2017.All the patients were treated with 3+PRN of intravitreal anti-Ranibizumab(0.5 mg/0.05 ml).We performed OCTA with 6 mm×6 mm scans at baseline and 1,3,and 6 months after treatment.We analyzed best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)(logMAR),type of choroidal neovascular(CNV),and morphological features and changes of CNV,central retinal thickness(CRT),outer retina vessel density(ORVD),and choroidal capillary vessel density(CCVD).Results A total of 8 eyes were examined in 8 patients[4 males and 4 females with a mean age of(70.9±10.6)years of age].Three eyes had type Ⅰ CNV and 5 eyes had type Ⅱ CNV.At baseline,month 1,month 3,and month 6,BCVA was 0.55(0.33,0.87),0.35(0.24,0.84),0.35(0.22,0.58),and 0.26(0.10,0.58)logMAR,respectively(all P>0.05).CRT was(271.88±91.95),(204.00±45.78),(196.00±31.14),and(219.25±71.32)μm,respectively,and there was a statistical significance between CRT at baseline and CRT at month 3(t=2.211,P=0.044).ORVD was(41.38±2.77)%,(41.73±3.60)%,(42.53±1.95)%,and(41.40±2.33)%,respectively(all P>0.05).CCVD was(64.38±2.24)%,(64.96±1.39)%,(64.16±1.39)%,and(64.63±1.86)%,respectively(all P>0.05).Correlation analysis showed BCVA was significantly correlated with both CRT(P=0.009, RR=0.457)and CCVD(P=0.001,RR=0.574),but not with ORVD(P=0.093,RR=0.302).The morphological features at baseline showed that 2 eyes were lump-like,2 eyes were line-like,2 eyes were tangles,1 eye was elliptical ring-like,and 1 eye was fragment.At month 1,the morphologies were improved in 7 eyes,including the CNV showed decreased maximum diameter,rupture/fragment,loss of peripheral capillaries,decreased numbers and density,and reduced maximum cross-sectional area;the condition became worse in 1 eye,including the CNV showed ring formation,increased density,and increased maximum diameter.At month 3,the morphologied of 7 eyes were improved,while no obvious change was seen in 1 eye.At month 6,the CNV became normalized in 5 eyes but worsened in 3 eyes.No intraocular infection or other intravitreal injection-related complication was observed during the follow-up.Conclusion Observing CNV characteristics using OCTA technology can be used to evaluate the efficacy of Ranibizumab in patients with wAMD and guide the treatment and follow-up of wAMD patients.

Key words: wet age-related macular degeneration, optical coherence tomography angiography, Ranibizumab, follow-up observation

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