中国医学科学院学报

高级检索
中国医学科学院学报

中国医学科学院学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 396-401.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.11112

• 标准与指南 • 上一篇    下一篇

人类遗传资源数据共享管理研究及对中国的启示

杨渊,秦奕,池慧,李爱花,李永洁,崔春舜,李扬()   

  1. 中国医学科学院 北京协和医学院 医学信息研究所健康科技战略情报研究室,北京 100020
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-22 出版日期:2019-06-30 发布日期:2019-07-04
  • 通讯作者: 李扬 E-mail:li.yang@imicams.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国医学科学院医学与健康科技创新工程(2016-I2M-2-004)

Management of Data Sharing of Human Genetic Resources and Its Enlightenment to China

YANG Yuan,QIN Yi,CHI Hui,LI Aihua,LI Yongjie,CUI Chunshun,LI Yang()   

  1. Department of Strategic Information of Health Science and Technology,Institute of Medical Information,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100020,China
  • Received:2018-12-22 Online:2019-06-30 Published:2019-07-04
  • Contact: Yang LI E-mail:li.yang@imicams.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the Medical and Health Science and Technology Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences(2016-I2M-2-004)

摘要:

人类遗传资源对推进生命科学研究和促进医药产业发展具有重要意义。随着精准医学战略的实施和基因编辑技术的不断成熟,各国对人类遗传资源的争夺及其相关科技发展和产业的竞争愈发激烈。经济合作与发展组织(OECD)作为最重要的国际经济组织,其指南的制定通常是围绕各国政府普遍关注的科学进步和科学效率问题,从国家和全球公共利益的角度出发,提出应对技术发展、科研范式变化的方案,近年来美国、日本和英国等发达国家也出台了相应的遗传资源数据共享政策和管理指南。本文旨在通过对OECD提出的人类遗传资源共享指南和以美国、英国、日本为代表的技术发达国家在实践中的管理要点进行分析,为提高中国人类遗传资源共享的监管效力,促进资源的合法共享和有效利用提供参考。

关键词: 人类遗传资源, 经济合作与发展组织, 美国, 英国, 日本, 数据共享

Abstract:

Human genetic resources are valuable for life science research and pharmaceutical industry.Competitions for human genetic resources and the relevant techniques and industries have increasingly become intense among countries with the the implementation of precision medicine strategy and the maturity of gene editing technology.In the context of scientific progress and efficiency,the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,the most important international economic organization,has proposed solutions to technological development and research paradigm changes from the perspective of national and global public interests.The United States,Japan,the United Kingdom,and some other developed countries have also released their policies and guidelines on the sharing of genetic resource data.In this article we analyzed these policies and guidelines,with an attempt to further improve the administration of human genetic resource sharing in China and promote the legal sharing and effective use of these resources.

Key words: human genetic resource, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United States, United Kingdom, Japan, data sharing

中图分类号: