中国医学科学院学报

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中国医学科学院学报

中国医学科学院学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 612-619.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.11886

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

适配干预研究进展

李帅妮1,倪晓莎2,胡文奕3,高雅婷1,林颖1,楼妍1()   

  1. 1杭州师范大学医学部护理学院,杭州 311121
    2浙江省杭州市第九人民医院护理部,杭州 311225
    3中国计量大学校医院,杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-15 出版日期:2021-08-30 发布日期:2021-09-03
  • 通讯作者: 楼妍 E-mail:lygreen0924@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71804039);杭州市科技发展计划项目(20180533B26)

Research Progress of Adaptive Intervention

LI Shuaini1,NI Xiaosha2,HU Wenyi3,GAO Yating1,LIN Ying1,LOU Yan1()   

  1. 1School of Nursing,Division of Health Sciences,Hangzhou Normal University,Hangzhou 311121,China
    2Department of Nursing,Hangzhou Ninth People’s Hospital,Hangzhou 311225,China
    3China Jiliang University Hospital,Hangzhou 310018,China
  • Received:2019-08-15 Published:2021-08-30 Online:2021-09-03
  • Contact: LOU Yan E-mail:lygreen0924@hotmail.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(71804039);the Hangzhou Science and Technology Development Plan Project(20180533B26)

摘要:

适配干预(AI)是一种以满足个体需求为导向,通过在决策点对个体的适配变量进行动态评估,及时调整并制定个性化方案的干预方法学。本文回顾AI的起源与发展,论述AI的核心要素即干预结局、干预方案、决策点、适配变量和适配规则,以及AI的分类。结合文献分析,从干预设计的优化方案与实施要点进行展望,以期为健康行为干预的研究发展提供依据。

关键词: 适配干预, 行为干预, 即时适配干预, 决策点, 适配变量

Abstract:

Adaptive intervention(AI)is a methodology which dynamically evaluates adaptive variables at decision points and timely adjusts and develops tailored strategies to meet individual needs.The study reviewed the origin and development and elaborated the core elements(including intervention outcomes,intervention options,decision points,tailoring variables,and decision rules)and the classification of AI.Based on the literature,the key points of the design and implementation of AI were prospected,which can provide evidence for the research and development of health behavior intervention.

Key words: adaptive intervention, behavior intervention, just-in-time adaptive intervention, decision point, tailoring variable

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