中国医学科学院学报

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中国医学科学院学报

中国医学科学院学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 47-51.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2013.01.009

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

陕西汉中农村居民超重肥胖现况调查

任琳1,裴磊磊1,颜虹1,党少农1,李强1,赵亚玲1,刘小宁1,杨睿海2,任勇2   

  1. 1西安交通大学医学院公共卫生系卫生统计学教研室,西安 7100612汉中市人民医院心内科,陕西汉中 723000
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-04 出版日期:2013-03-07 发布日期:2013-03-07
  • 通讯作者: 颜 虹 电话:029-82655001,电子邮件:xjtu_yh.paper@yahoo.com E-mail:xjtu_yh.paper@yahoo.com
  • 基金资助:
    美国中华医学基金会(CMB)(08-925)

Survey on the Prevalences of Overweight and Obesity in 9Rural Areas in Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province

REN Lin1, PEI Lei-lei1, YAN Hong1, DANG Shao-nong1, LI Qiang1, ZHAO Ya-ling1, LIU Xiao-ning1, YANG Rui-hai2, REN Yong2   

  1. 1Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Xian Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xian 710061, China2Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Hanzhong Municipal Peoples Hospital, Hanzhong, Shaanxi 723000, China
  • Received:2012-05-04 Online:2013-03-07 Published:2013-03-07
  • Supported by:
    Supported by a grant from China Medical Board(08-925);第一、二作者对本文贡献一致The first two authors contributed equally to this article

摘要: 目的 了解汉中农村居民超重和肥胖的流行现况,为进一步健康干预提供基础资料。方法 通过分层随机抽样方法抽取汉中市汉台区9个农业乡镇的3030名常住居民,对其进行问卷调查和体格测量。结果 纳入分析的调查对象为3017人,其中男性1048人,女性1969人。平均体重指数为(22.9±4.2)kg/m2,男性和女性分别为(23.0±5.5)和(22.9±3.2)kg/m2。该调查人群的超重和肥胖率分别为27.9%和5.9%(标化率为23.4%和5.4%),其中男性超重和肥胖率分别为28.3%和6.1%(标化率为24.7%和7.5%),女性超重和肥胖率分别为27.6%和5.8%(标化率为22.8%和4.5%)。在婚、家庭财富指数较高、文化程度高的中青年男性超重肥胖率高,女性的超重肥胖好发于家庭财富指数较高、文化程度低的中老年女性人群。结论 该地区超重和肥胖率均高于全国农村平均水平,需采取有效措施对该地居民进行健康干预,以预防各种相关疾病的发生。   

关键词: 肥胖, 超重, 体重指数

Abstract: Objective To investigate the prevalences of overweight and obesity in the rural communities in Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province. Methods A total of 3030 residents in the rural areas of Hanzhong city were selected by stratified random sampling method to take questionnaire-based survey and physical examinations. Results The data of 3017 valid subjects (1048 men and 1969 women) entered the final analysis. The average body mass index was (22.9±4.2) kg/m2 [(23.0±5.5) kg/m2 in men and (22.9±3.2) kg/m2 in women]. The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 27.9% and 5.9% respectively, and the standardized rates were 23.4% and 5.4%, respectively. More specifically, prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 28.3% and 6.1% in men (standardized rates were 24.7% and 7.5%, respectively) and 27.6% and 5.8% (standardized rate were 22.8% and 4.5% respectively) in women. The overweight/obesity was more often in young and mid-aged married men with higher education and socioeconomic status and in middle-aged and older women with less education from wealthier households. Conclusion The prevalences of overweight and obesity are relatively high in the rural areas of Hanzhong, and therefore effective interventions are warranted.

Key words: obesity, overweight, body mass index

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