中国医学科学院学报

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中国医学科学院学报

中国医学科学院学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (3): 481-487.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.14014

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

新型冠状病毒肺炎的肺外表现——嗅觉障碍

陆越悦1,何晗昳2,滕尧树1,2(),李勇1,2   

  1. 1浙江中医药大学第四临床医学院耳鼻咽喉科,杭州 310006
    2浙江大学医学院附属杭州市第一人民医院耳鼻咽喉科,杭州 310006
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-08 出版日期:2021-06-30 发布日期:2021-07-09
  • 通讯作者: 滕尧树 E-mail:tengyaoshu@163.com

An Extrapulmonary Manifestation of Coronavirus Disease 2019:Olfactory Dysfunction

LU Yueyue1,HE Hanyi2,TENG Yaoshu1,2(),LI Yong1,2   

  1. 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology,the Fourth Clinical Medical College, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University,Hangzhou 310006,China
    2Department of Otorhinolaryngology,Affiliated Hangzhou First People’s Hospital,Zhejiang University School of Medicine,Hangzhou 310006,China
  • Received:2021-04-08 Published:2021-06-30 Online:2021-07-09
  • Contact: TENG Yaoshu E-mail:tengyaoshu@163.com

摘要:

新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)除了可表现为急性呼吸道症状以外,不少患者也可发生嗅觉障碍,甚至其可成为COVID-19患者唯一的临床表现。本文总结了COVID-19患者嗅觉障碍的流行病学特点、病理机制、筛查价值、治疗方案及预后等问题,以期对COVID-19的早期诊断、隔离防护、科学治疗及预后判断有更加深入的认识。

关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎, 嗅觉障碍, 流行病学, 发病机制, 预后

Abstract:

In addition to acute respiratory symptoms,coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)could cause olfactory dysfunction,which becomes the only clinical manifestation of COVID-19 in some cases.We review the epidemiological characteristics,pathological mechanism,screening value,treatment and prognosis of olfactory dysfunction in patients with COVID-19,aiming to achieve an in-depth understanding of the early diagnosis,quarantine,scientific treatment and prognosis of COVID-19.

Key words: coronavirus disease 2019, olfactory dysfunction, epidemiology, pathogenesis, prognosis

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