Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 673-679.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.10172

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Predictive Value of Texture Analysis in the Treatment of Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery for Symptomatic Uterine Fibroids

SU Baiyan, ZHOU Kang, SHI Haifeng, SUN Hao, ZHANG Gumuyang, XUE Huadan(), JIN Zhengyu   

  1. Department of Radiology,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China
  • Received:2017-11-15 Online:2018-10-30 Published:2018-11-07
  • Contact: Huadan XUE E-mail:bjdanna95@hotmail.com
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the Health Industry Special Scientific Research Project(201402019)

Abstract:

Objective To evaluate the predictive value of texture analysis in the treatment of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery(MRgFUS)for symptomatic uterine fibroids.Methods Totally 16 patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids who accepted MRgFUS in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from April 2010 to January 2013 were included. Enhanced magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)was performed before treatment,immediately after treatment,and during the 12-month follow-up. The TexRAD software was used to measure the texture parameters of the fibroids in T2WI sagittal images,and the texture indicators including means and standard deviations(SD),entropy,mean of positive pixels(MPP),skewness,and kurtosis were collected. The fibroid’s volume and their change rates were calculated by measuring the relevant diameter of the target fibroid. The Uterine Fibroid Symptoms and Quality of Life(UFS-QOL)was used to calculate the symptom severity scores(SSS)and its change rate. The statistical difference of parameters among the groups was analyzed. The correlations between each texture parameter and the therapeutic outcome of the fibroids were analyzed respectively.Results The average volume for fibroids before treatment was(96.5±84.9)cm 3,which was reduced to(55.1±71.0)cm 3 after treatment for 12 months,and the volume change rate(ΔV%)was(49±20)%. The standardized SSS score before treatment was(34.18±15.29)scores,decreased to(17.78±11.84)scores 12 months after treatment,with a change rate of(45±32)%,and the non-perfused volume ratio(NPV%)was(62±20)%. There were significant differences among the parameters mean,SD,entropy,and MPP among three groups(all P<0.05),and the changes of them were regular,all of which showed a significant decrease immediately after treatment and a significant increase 12 months after treatment,and the increase degree was higher than the preoperative level. SD(SSF2:r=0.503,P=0.047;SSF4:r=0.529,P=0.035;SSF6:r=0.519,P=0.039)and entropy(SSF2:r=0.527,P=0.036;SSF4:r=0.517,P=0.040;SSF6:r=0.495,P=0.050)of the after-treatment group moderately associated with the ΔV%. Entropy of the before-treatment group was moderately associated with NPV%(SSF2:r=0.507,P=0.045;SSF4:r=0.543,P=0.030;SSF6:r=0.548,P=0.028). .Conclusion There is a certain correlation between the changes of MRI texture parameters before and after treatment and the effect of MRgFUS in the treatment of uterine fibroids,and texture analysis may have certain value in the predicting the effect of MRgFUS on uterine fibroids.

Key words: magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound surgery, uterine fibroids, non-perfused volume, symptom severity scores, texture analysis

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