Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 646-657.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.10884

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Clinical Features of Coccidioidomycosis:Analysis of 33 Chinese Cases

LIU Huiting1,ZHAO Yuxi1,LI Yilin1,FENG Ruie2,WANG Peng3,WANG Jinglan4,WANG Mengzhao4,XU Kaifeng4,SHI Juhong4,XIAO Yi4,ZHAO Jing4()   

  1. 1 Department of Medicine
    2 Department of Pathology
    3 Department of Laboratory
    4 Department of Respiratory Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China
  • Received:2018-09-30 Online:2019-10-30 Published:2019-11-08
  • Contact: Jing ZHAO E-mail:pumchzj@sina.com

Abstract:

Objective To summarize the characteristics of Chinese coccidioidomycosis cases, improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease and prevent misdiagnosis as well as therapeutic error.Methods Search in databases including Medline,Wanfang,and CNKI using “Coccidioidomycosis” and “China” as index words yielded 23 articles that reported a total of 32 Chinese coccidioidomycosis cases.In addition,one patient with disseminated coccidioidomycos was treated in our center in April 2016.The demographic data,site of infection,clinical manifestations,past medical history,exposure history,imaging and laboratory findings,and pathological features of these 33 patients were analyzed.Results Among these 33 patients,7(21.2%)had visited an epidemic area and 6(18.2%)were immunocompromised.The disease involved the respiratory system,skin,bone,central nervous system,cornea,and stomach in 24,6,3,2,1,and 1 patients,respectively.Eight patients (24.2%) had multiple system involvement,and three of them died.The imaging findings included pulmonary nodules(n=14),mediastinal lymphadenopathy(n=5),solid shadow(n=4),cavity(n=4),pleural effusion(n=3),multiple plaques(n=2)and masses(n=2).Coccidiolys cysts were detected in the affected tissues(n=28)or in pus,exudate or pleural smear(n=3);in addition,coccidioides mycelium and spores were found in the sputum,pus,and tissue cultures in 4 cases,among whom only 2 cases were confirmed by serological examination.The treatments included triazoles(n=20),systemic or local administration of amphotericin B(n=13),surgical resection of the lesion(n=8),and intravenous gamma globulin(n=1).Five patients died,among whom three had underlying diseases that caused immunosuppression and one was an infant.The prognoses were relatively good in the remaining patients.Conclusions Early diagnosis and proper treatment can achieve good prognosis in coccidioidomycosis patients.Multi-system involvement and immunosuppression are risk factors for poor prognosis of coccidioidomycosis.For these patients,adequate and full-course medication may prevent rapid disease progression.

Key words: coccidioidesimmitis, coccidioidomycosis, China

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