Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2009, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 160-165.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2009.02.009

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Diagnostic Value of Dual-source CT Coronary Angiography on the Detection of Coronary Artery Disease with Myocardial Perfusion Defect

WANG Yi-ning, KONG Ling-yan, ZHANG Zhu-hua, CHEN Li-bo, SONG Lan, ZHANG Shu-yang, Miao Qi, JIN Zheng-yu   

  1. Department of Radiology, PUMC Hospital, CAMS and PUMC, Beijing 100730, China
  • Received:2009-01-15 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-04-30 Published:2009-04-30
  • Contact: JIN Zheng-yu

Abstract: ABSTRACT:Objective To determine the accuracy of dual-source CT (DSCT) coronary angiography (CAG) for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) that induces perfusion defects at myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), by using SPECT and conventional CAG as the reference standard. Methods Thirty-five patients with suspected or known CAD underwent both DSCT coronary angiography and MPI (using exercise or adenosine stress-rest protocol) with technetium-99m sestamibi SPECT. All the patients were beta-blockers-nave before DSCT scan. The DSCT CAG studies were classified as having no stenosis, non-obstructive (<50% luminal narrowing) stenosis, or obstructive (≥50% luminal narrowing) stenosis. MPI examinations were classified as showing normal or abnormal (reversible and/or fixed defects). A comparative regional analysis of coronary stenosis on DSCT versus myocardial perfusion on SPECT was made. In a subset of 20 patients, CAG was performed as a reference standard for CT angiography. Results On the basis of the DSCT data, 98.4% of coronary segments were assessable. Twenty-seven branches were classified as having no stenosis, among which 85% had normal MPI. Nine branches showed non-obstructive stenosis and 69 branches showed at least one obstructive lesion. Only 50 (64%) branches with an abnormal DSCT had abnormal MPI; even in branches with obstructive stenosis on DSCT, 23(33%) still had a normal MPI. By receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, at the optimal cutoff value of 58% stenosis, the sensitivity and specificity of DSCT to detect myocardial perfusion defect as defined by SPECT were 85% and 65%. In the subgroup compared with CAG, the sensitivity and specificity of DSCT to identify obstructive stenosis were 93% and 96%. Conclusions DSCT and SPECT provide mutually complementary information on CAD. CT angiography can help rule out functionally relevant CAD, but has poor capability in predicting ischemia. DSCT provides high-quality diagnostic image without heartbeat controlling and has a high accuracy in detecting obstructive stenosis.

Key words: ct, radionuclide imacinc, coronary artery disease, coronary anciocrapdy