Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2009, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 215-220.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2009.02.019

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dual-energy CT Angiography for Evaluation of Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis and Occlusion

CHEN Yu;XUE Hua-dan; JIN Zheng-yu;LIU Wei;SUN Hao;WANG Xuan;ZHAO Wen-min;WANG Yun;MU Wen-bin   

  1. Department of Radiology, PUMC Hospital, CAMS and PUMC, Beijing 100730, China
  • Received:2009-01-04 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-04-30 Published:2009-04-30
  • Contact: JIN Zheng-yu

Abstract: ABSTRACT:Objective To compare the feasibility of bone and calcified plaque subtracted dual-energy CT angiography (CTA) with time of flight magnetic resonance angiography (TOF MRA) in evaluation of internal carotid artery atherosclerosis. Methods Totally 32 patients received a dual-energy CTA scan, along with a cerebral TOF MRA scan before or after CTA examination from one day to one month. Dual-energy software was used for bone and calcified plaque subtraction. Five anatomical segments were described for each internal carotid artery according to Fischer (1938). Ratings were based on a 1-4 scale for the dual-energy CTA maximum intensity projection (MIP) image: 1 not diagnostic, 2 partially diagnostic, 3 diagnostic, and 4 excellent. Lesions were categorized as mild (0-29%), moderate (30%-69%), severe (70%-99%), or occluded (no flow detected). Stenosis of internal carotid artery was evaluated based on post-subtracted CTA images and TOF MRA images. Results In 320 arterial segments, 99% of arterial segments were ≥3 score. Grading of stenosis on dual-energy CTA agreed with grading of stenoses on MRA images in 98% of arteries. In the mild and occlusion group, the agreement was 100% respectively. In the moderate and severe group, dual-energy CTA showed more severe stenosis than MRA in 7 vessels and there was significant difference between the Results from the two different modalities (Z=-3.071,P=0.002). Conclusion Dual-energy CTA can be used to assess the stenosis of internal arteries around skull base, but may exaggerate the severe stenosis of cerebral arteries compared with TOF MRA.

Key words: internal carotid artery, dual-enercy ct, macnetic resonance anciocrapdy, imace quality