Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 243-248.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2013.03.001

• Orignal Article •     Next Articles

Isolation and Culture of Mouse Spermatogonial Stem Cells and Determination of the Related Markers

ZHENG Yan-bo,LI Yi,ZHEN Yong-su   

  1. Department of Oncology,Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology,CAMS and PUMC,
    Beijing 100050,China
  • Received:2012-08-15 Online:2013-07-04 Published:2013-07-04
  • Contact: ZHEN Yong-su Tel:010-83158065,


Objective To establish a simple and highly effective isolation and culture system of mouse spermatogonial stem cells(SSCs)and detect the expression of stem cell-related markers in the isolated cells. Methods The structures of seminiferous tubules of neonatal(6-8 days of age)and adult(26-28 weeks)DBA/2 mice were compared using histochemical examination. Testes of neonatal mice were selected for preparing primary cells. The digestive efficiency of different enzymes was compared. SSCs were isolated according to the different binding abilities of testicle somatic cells and SSCs to gelatin matrix. The effects of different base culture media such as StemPro34 and α-MEM,gelatin,and serum on the SSCs binding activity and growth were studied. The cell morphology was observed during the culture process. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of SSCs and cancer stem cells(CSCs)-related markers in SSCs. Results The content of SSCs in the testes of neonatal mice was relatively higher than that in adult mice. Trypsin showed the highest digestive efficiency. In StemPro34 supplemented with 1% fetal bovine serum and on the gelatin matrix,testicular somatic cells could bind with the plate efficiently. Spermatogonial cells grew well when using mitomycin C-treated testicular somatic cells as feeder cells and showed typical characteristic of SSCs. After 13 days of culture,spermatogonial cells formed cell clusters. Immunofluorescence assay showed that SSCs markers glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor(GDNF)family receptor α1(GFRα1)and VASA protein were highly expressed in the cell clusters. CSCs marker CD44 was expressed in the As,Apr,Aal and the inner cells of the cell clusters,while seldom expressed in the somatic cells. Conclusions An isolation and culture system of SSCs derived from DBA/2 mice was established. CD44 is highly expressed in the early stage of spermatogonial cell development.

Key words: spermatogonial stem cells, isolation, culture, cancer stem cells, CD44