Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 255-260.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2014.03.005

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Value of Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography in Ruling out Coronary Artery Disease Before Intermediate- and High-risk Non-cardiac Surgery

TIAN Shu-ping1,2,LI Chun-ping3,WU Fang1,LI Ying-na1,SONG Xiang1,GAN Lu1, CHANG Rui-ping1,JU Hai-yue1,YANG Li1   

  1. 1Department of Radiology,General Hospital of PLA,Beijing 100853,China
    2Department of Radiology,3Department of Endocrinology,Navy General Hospital of PLA,Beijing 100048,China
  • Received:2014-04-03 Online:2014-06-28 Published:2014-06-28
  • Contact: YANG Li Tel:010-66939564,E-mail:yangli301@yahoo.com
  • Supported by:

    Supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(81371547)

Abstract:

Objective To assess the value of preoperative coronary computed tomographic angiography(CCTA)in the detection of coronary artery disease(CAD)in patients planned to undergo non-cardiac surgery at intermediate or high risk to avoid unnecessary invasive coronary angiography(ICA). Methods The study protocol was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was given. In this prospective study,157 consecutive patients who underwent CCTA before undergoing non-cardiac surgery at intermediate or high risk was involved. The non-cardiac surgery included high-risk surgery(17 patients)and intermediate-risk surgery(140 patients). Follow-up was performed in 6-11 months to define cardiac events described as acute coronary syndrome(ACS)or death secondary to ASC,arrhythmias,cardiac revascularization,or cardiac failure. χ2 test was performed to compare the differences in incidence of cardiac events among patients who had undergone or who had not undergone preoperative ICA. Results CCTA was of diagnostic value in 145 of 157 patients. Thirty-seven of 145 had no CAD,and 88 of 145 had no significant CAD(<50% stenosis),and non-cardiac surgery was performed in them without preoperative ICA. No patients in those patients had postoperative ischemic events at follow-up;20 had significant CAD(≥50% stenosis)and underwent surgery after preoperative ICA. CCTA was non-diagnostic in 12 patients who were referred for preoperative ICA,and 4 of 12 underwent surgery after PCI or CABG. There were no differences in cardiac events between patients who had undergone preoperative ICA and those who had not(P=0.45). Conclusions In patients with planned non-cardiac surgery at medium or high risk of cardiovascular events,preoperative CCTA is an effective diagnostic tool for detecting CAD. Preoperative ICA can be safely avoided in patients with normal findings or with stenosis<50% in CCTA.

Key words: multi-slice spiral coronary computed tomography angiography, non-cardiac surgery, preoperative, coronary artery disease, invasive coronary angiography, cardiovascular events

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