Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 195-200.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2015.02.010

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Establishment of A Stable Mouse Model of Brain Death by the Method of the Gradually Increasing Intracranial Pressure

Yong SHI, Chong-hui LI, Nian-jun XIAO, Wen-jie LI, Yu-rong LIANG(), Ke PAN, Xin-lan GE   

  1. Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery & Hepatobiliary Surgical Institute,Chinese PLA General Hospital,Beijing 100853,China
  • Received:2014-09-22 Online:2015-02-28 Published:2015-05-01
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(30740093)and Wu Jieping Medical Foundation(320.6750.11010)

Abstract: ObjectiveTo establish a stable and modified mouse model of brain death(BD)and to share our experiences in BD induction and maintenance.MethodsTotally 35 C57BL/6 male mice were randomized into BD group(n=25)or sham control group(n=10).BD was induced by inserting a 2F Fogarty catheter connected to a syringe pump after trepanation of the left frontoparietal area and injecting volume at the speed of 6 μl/min until spontaneous respiration ceased.BD was diagnosed by electroencephalogram,apnea testing,as well as testing of brain stem reflexes.Mechanical ventilation was performed by orotracheal intubation.Right carotid artery was intubated by a PE-10 cannula for the continuous monitoring of mean blood pressure(MAP)and heart rate(HR).The right external jugular vein was catheterized for volume resuscitation.The sham control group underwent the same procedure with catheter insertion but without balloon inflation.Livers were removed and fixed in paraffin to evaluate the histological alterations with the light microscopy.ResultsMouse models of BD were successfully established about 20 minutes after balloon inflation,and the mean balloon volume at the time of BD was(105.77±21.57)μl.The MAP and HR rapidly increased on occurrence of BD and the peak value was(128.28±17.16)mmHg and(434.16±55.75)beat/min,respectively,which were significant higher than those in the sham control group at the same time point(P=0.000).During the 4-hour follow-up time,MAP and HR in 72%(18/25)of BD animals remained haemodynamically stable.No animal died due to anesthesia and surgical operation.Hepatic tissues in BD mice showed mild focal ischemic damages(cellular edema,congestion,and inflammatory infiltration),which were slighter and fewer in sham control group.ConclusionThe mouse model of BD was successfully established with lower surgical difficulty and can be performed in a standardized,reproducible and successful way.

Key words: brain death, mice, animal model, liver transplantation, hemodynamics

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