Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 260-264.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2016.03.003

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Qi-regulating,Phlegm-resolving,and Blood-promoting Prescription on Rat Coronary Microvascular Thrombosis and Coronary Microvascular Occlusion

Xian-liang WANG, Li-shuo SU, Jing-yuan MAO(), Shuai WANG, Guo-yuan ZHAO, Cong WANG   

  1. Department of Cardiology,First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of TCM,Tianjin 300193,China
  • Received:2015-07-02 Online:2016-03-15 Published:2016-06-10
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (81202799) and the Ministry of Education of People’s Republic of China“Program for Innovative Research Team in University”(IRT1276)

Abstract:

Objective To explore the effect of qi-regulating,phlegm-resolving,and blood-promoting prescription on coronary microvascular thrombosis and coronary microvascular occlusion in rat models. Methods Totally 125 healthy clean-grade male SD rats weighing (300±25) g were sequentially numbered and then randomly divided into treatment group (n=60),control group (n=60) and blank group (n=5).Rats in the treatment group and control group received apical left ventricular injection of sodium laurate to establish rat models of coronary microvascular thrombosis. Then,rats in the control group were given distilled water by gavage one day before operation and after surgery. In contrast,rats in the treatment group were given qi-regulating,phlegm-resolving,and blood-promoting prescription by gavage one day before operation and after surgery. Five rats from both treatment group and control group were killed at each of six time points (1 hour,24th hour,7th day,14th day,21th day,and 28th day),and the myocardium specimens were harvested. The 5 rats in the blank group did not receive any special treatment and were given normal feeding;in the 28th day,they were sacrificed to obtain the myocardial specimens. Pathological sections of rat myocardial tissues were made to observe and compare the degrees of coronary microvascular thrombosis and coronary microvascular obstruction. Results In the treatment group and the control group,coronary microvascular thrombosis occurred 1 hour after apical sodium laurate injection and reached the peak at the 24th hour. Compared with the blank group,the treatment group and the control group showed different degree of coronary microvascular obstruction. Comparison between the treatment group and the control group at each time point showed that the coronary microvascular thrombosis in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01).The severity of coronary microvascular occlusion was significantly milder in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions Apical left ventricular injection of sodium laurate successfully established rat models of coronary microvascular thrombosis. Qi-regulating,phlegm-resolving,and blood-promoting prescription can reduce coronary microvascular thrombosis and improve coronary microvascular obstruction.

Key words: coronary microcirculation, qi-regulating,phlegm-resolving,and blood-promoting prescription, coronary microvascular thrombosis, coronary microcirculation disturbance

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