Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 56-61.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2017.01.010

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of the Saline Flush on High-pitch CT Coronary Angiography on Third-generation Dual-source CT System

Man WANG, Yining WANG, Yan YI, Yun WANG, Peijun LIU, Zhengyu JIN()   

  1. Department of Radiology,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China
  • Received:2016-10-01 Online:2017-02-10 Published:2017-02-20
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (81471725),the Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation (7142133),and the Health Industry Special Scientific Research Project (201402019,201402001)


Objective To preliminarily investigate and optimize the saline flush effects to the image quality (IQ)and effective scan rate of high-pitch CT coronary angiography (CCTA)using ultra-low contrast media (CM)protocols on third-generation dual-source CT (DCST). Methods Sixty-eight consecutive patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD)were recruited and underwent prospective high-pitch CCTA on third-generation DSCT with automatic tube voltage selection (70-80 kV)based ultra-low CM protocols:18 ml(3.0 ml/s) for 70 kV and 21 ml (3.0 ml/s) for 80 kV. All the patients were randomly divided in to two groups:Group A(n=31)with the saline flush of 3.0 ml/s(40 ml) and Group B (n=37)with the saline flush of 4.0 ml/s(40 ml). The baseline data,risk factors,quantitative image quality (IQ),qualitative IQ results,and effective dose (ED)were evaluated and compared. Results There was no significant difference in ED between two groups [(0.36±0.12)mSv vs. (0.37±0.13)mSv;t=-0.40,P=0.70]. The average ED in all patients was (0.43±0.28)mSv. However,the contrast to noise ratio (CNR) of right coronary artery distal segment in Group A was significantly higher than that in Group B(76.04±62.46 vs. 43.96±26.94;t=2.67,P=0.01) and the CNR of left circumflex artery proximal segment in Group A was significantly higher than that in Group B(69.60±43.13 vs. 44.08±24.08;t=2.96,P=0.01). No other significant difference was found in terms of baseline characteristics,and objective image quality (all P>0.05). Subjective IQ showed no significant difference between these two groups (χ2=2.53,P=0.47). Conclusion Under high-pitch CCTA using ultra-low CM protocols [18-21 ml (3.0 ml/s)]on third-generation DCST,the saline flush at a flow rate of 3.0 ml/s can achieve satisfactory IQ and effective scan rate.

Key words: coronary CT angiography, third-generation dual-source CT, contrast media, saline flush rate

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