Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 272-279.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2017.02.018

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Value of 3D Pseudo-continuous Arterial Spin Labeling Magnetic Resonance Perfusion Imaging in Evaluating Posterior Circulation Ischemia in the Elderly

Rui JIA1, Xian XU1, Xinqiu LIU1, Bing WU2, Weiwei MEN3, Ningyu AN1()   

  1. 1Department of Radiology of South Building,Chinese PLA General Hospital,Beijing 100853,China
    2 Department of MRI,GE Healthcare,Beijing 100176,China
    3Peking University Center for Magnetic Resonance Imaging Research,Beijing 100871,China
  • Received:2016-11-28 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-04-20

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the value of 3D pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (3D-pCASL) magnetic resonance perfusion technique in evaluating posterior circulation ischemia (PCI) of the elderly beyond 80 years old and to offer the evidence of PCI of the elderly for clinical diagnosis. Methods Totally 53 male subjects older than 80 years were recruited in this study,including 20 subjects with clinically diagnosed PCI and 33 normal subjects. All the subjects underwent routine brain magnetic resonance imaging and 3D-pCASL sequence on a 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging system with 8 channel brain coil. Two post-labeling delay (PLD) time (PLD=1525 ms and PLD=2525 ms) of 3D-pCASL were used in this study to increase the accuracy of cerebral blood flow (CBF) change of posterior circulation region. We used SPM12 software to measure mean CBF values of bilateral occipital lobes and bilateral cerebellums. Independent sample t-test and rank-sum test were performed to evaluate the difference of CBF changes of anterior circulation and posterior circulation in two groups at two PLD time,the difference of CBF changes of bilateral occipital lobes and bilateral cerebellums in two groups of two PLD time,and the difference of increment of CBF between two PLD interval between two groups. Results In case group,the CBF value of the anterior circulation was significantly higher than that of posterior circulation at both two PLD time points (PLD=1525 ms and PLD=2525 ms)(P=0.000,P=0.000);in control group,the CBF value of the anterior circulation was significantly higher than that of the posterior circulation only at PLD=1525ms (P=0.025). The CBF values at bilateral occipital lobes and bilateral cerebellums at two PLD time points (PLD=1525 ms and PLD=2525 ms) were significantly higher in case group than in control group(P=0.003,P=0.002,P=0.000,P=0.001,P=0.000,P=0.001,P=0.002,P=0.014,respectively). Compared with the control group,the difference was statistically significant in bilateral occipital lobes and cerebellums with a smaller △CBF between two PLD interval in case group (P=0.004,P=0.001,P=0.001,P=0.025). Conclusion Multiple PLD time points need to be used in 3D-pCASL in diagnosing PCI of the elderly because the posterior circulation is slow in these patients. 3D-pCASL technique is sensitive in detecting decreased CBF in posterior circulation and therefore can be used to predict posterior circulation stroke in the elderly.

Key words: cerebral blood flow, posterior circulation ischemia, 3D-pseudo continuous arterial spin labeling, magnetic resonance imaging, the elderly

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