Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 170-177.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2018.02.006

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Clinical Analysis of 40 Patients with Eosinophilic Lung Diseases in Peking Union Medical College Hospital

ZHANG Xudong, GONG Haihong, GAO Jinming()   

  1. Department of Respiratory Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China
  • Received:2017-06-22 Online:2018-04-28 Published:2018-05-03

Abstract:

Objective To summarize the clinical features of eosinophilic lung diseases(ELD). Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical manifestations,laboratory findings,accessory examination results,and pathology of 40 patients who were diagnosed with ELD and hospitalized in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2013 to December 2016.Results There were 19 males and 21 females,and the average age was(48.58±18.25) years.The diagnoses included allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis(n=20),eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis(also known as churg-strauss syndrome)(n=10),chronic eosinophilic pneumonia(n=8),parasitic infection(n=1),and drug-induced eosinophilic pneumonia(n=1).Eosinophils counts in peripheral blood were increased in 35 patients(87.5%),and eosinophils counts in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids increased in 17 of 18 patients(94.4%).Arterial blood gas analysis showed varying degrees of hypoxemia in 23 patients(57.5%),and pulmonary function test showed ventilatory dysfunction in 27 patients(67.5%) and defect in diffusion capacity in 12 patients(30.0%).Chest CT revealed bilateral flaky,streaky,or diffuse ground-glass infiltrates and consolidations;in addition,central cylindrical bronchiectasis and mucous plugging with “finger-in-glove” pattern were seen in patients with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.Diffuse eosinophil infiltration was revealed in lung or other tissue biopsy.Glucocorticoids alone or combined with other therapies were effective in most patients.Conclusions ELD has a wide range of clinical presentations and can easily be misdiagnosed.Increased eosinophils count in peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids combined with infiltration manifestations in chest imaging are helpful for the diagnosis of ELD.Oral administration of glucocorticoids is the primary therapy for ELD.

Key words: eosinophilic lung diseases, eosinophil, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, radiography, glucocorticoids

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