Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 178-186.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2018.02.007

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of CD106+ Mesenchymal Stem Cell on Bone Marrow Vascular Failure in Patients with Aplastic Anemia

LU Shihong, GE Meili, ZHENG Yizhou, YANG Shaoguang, CHEN Fang, YOU Yahong, HAN Zhongchao()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology,Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, CAMS and PUMC,Tianjin 300020,China
  • Received:2017-10-27 Online:2018-04-28 Published:2018-05-03
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(2013-81330015,2014-81300388)

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the vascularization ability of mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)and explore its influencing factors in aplastic anemia(AA) patients. Methods MSCs were isolated from the bone marrow of AA patients(AA MSCs) and normal controls(N MSCs) were cultured and then evaluated by flow cytometry and immunofluorescene staining technique.The expression level of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(CD106) was detected by gene sequencing,and the content and fluorescene intensity of CD106+MSCs was determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting.The content of CD105+CD106+MSCs in fresh AA bone marrow was measured,followed by the determination of the capability of endothelial differentiation from AA MSCs and N MSCs with immunofluorescene analysis;finally,the capability of CD31+cell differentiation from CD106-blocking N MSCs and its tubular structures formation in matrigel were tested.Results The expression of CD106 in AA patients was defective(decreased by 12.13 times when compared with N MSCs) and the concentration and fluorescene degree of CD106+MSCs was also decreased in AA patients [(28.03±17.71)% vs.(59.61±12.26)%,P=0.000].The content of CD105+CD106+MSCs decreased significantly in the fresh bone marrow [(0.33±0.10)% vs.(2.98±0.46)%,P=0.0005].Besides, the capability of CD31+cell differentiation from AA MSCs was significantly delayed [(13.67±1.50)% vs.(43.24±0.96)%,P=0.0004].Also,the capability of CD31+cell differentiation and tubular structures formation of CD106-blocking N MSCs was also obviously decreased [(26.00±2.65)% vs.(91.78±2.44)%,P=0.000;(13.81±1.98)mm vs.(68.12±6.78)mm,P=0.0015].Conclusion The deficient or decreased expression of CD106+MSCs accelerate the bone marrow vascularization failure in AA patients.

Key words: mesenchymal stem cells, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, tubular structure, vascularization

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