Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 233-241.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2018.02.014

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Value of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Differential Diagnosis between the Adult Reversible Splenial Lesion Syndrome and Ischemic Infarction of the Splenium of the Corpus Callosum

XING Xinbo1, 2, XI Wei1, WANG Xinkun1, YANG Shuhui1, NIE Mingming1, HU Mingyan1, REN Jingmei1, YANG Jiafei1, LOU Xin2()   

  1. 1Magnetic Resonance Imaging Section,Department of Radiology,the First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital,Beijing 100048,China
    2 Department of Radiology,Chinese PLA General Hospital,Beijing 100853,China
  • Received:2017-11-01 Online:2018-04-28 Published:2018-05-03

Abstract:

Objective To evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in differential diagnosis between the adult reversible splenial lesion syndrome (RESLES) and ischemic infarction of the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC). Methods The MRI findings and clinical data of 7 RESLES patients and 13 patients with ischemic infarction of SCC who were clinically diagnosed and treated in our center from May 2015 to June 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The main MRI findings included location,morphology,signal intensity,maximum cross-sectional area,diffusion weighted imaging (DWI),and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value. Results On the MRI findings of 7 RESLES patients (5 males and 2 females),the centers of all lesions of the SCC were located in the midline of SCC,the lesion shapes were round,ellipse,or spindle,and the distribution of the lesions was bilateral and symmetric as the center of the midline of SCC. The lesions were hyperintense on DWI,and the mean maximum cross-sectional area of lesions was (56.9±32.6) mm2 and the mean ADC value was (0.3963±0.0715) ×10-3 mm2/s. On the review MRI,all the lesions disappeared (mean interval:10 days). On the MRI findings of 13 patients with ischemic infarction of SCC (10 males and 3 females),the lesions were irregular or patchy in shape and were almost laterally and asymmetrically distributed. The lesions were hyperintense on DWI,and the mean maximum cross-sectional area was (55.1±43.9) mm2 and the mean ADC value was (0.4978±0.0123) ×10-3 mm2/s. The mean maximum cross-sectional area (t=0.096,P=0.925) and the ADC value (t=-1.988,P=0.062) were not significantly different between RESLES group and ischemic infarction of SCC group. Conclusions The location,morphology,and distribution of the SCC lesions and the co-existence of other lesions in the brain are helpful for the differential diagnosis between RESLES and ischemic infarction of SCC. However,the mean maximum cross-sectional area and the ADC value show no obvious difference between these two diseases.

Key words: magnetic resonance imaging findings, reversible splenial lesion syndrome, ischemic infarction

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