Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 344-348.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2018.03.008

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effectiveness of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in Treating Superior Lateral Brachial Cutaneous Nerve Compression Syndrome

PAN Zhaoxun(),MIN Xiaojun,SUN Chao,DU Dekai   

  1. Department of Joint Surgery,the 89th Hospital of PLA,Weifang,Shangdong 261021,China
  • Received:2017-06-20 Online:2018-06-30 Published:2018-07-05
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the PLA Logistics Department Scientific Research Program(CJN13J002)

Abstract:

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy(rESWT) for the treatment of superior lateral brachial cutaneous nerve(SLBCN) compression syndrome.Methods A total of 40 patients with SLBCN compression syndrome who were treated in our department from March 2013 to October 2015 were equally randomized into two groups according to random number table:rESWT group(treated with rESWT for 1 cycle) and control group(treated with local hormone injection for 1 cycle). Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Constant-Murley scale(CMS) were applied to evaluate the shoulder joint function before treatment and 1 month and 1 year after treatment.Results The average CMS scores were(66.7±0.9) and(65.7±1.1)scores in rESWT group and control group,respectively,before treatment(t=0.67,P=0.510) and were(86.9±1.0) and(86.4±1.1)scores one month after treatment(t=0.35,P=0.730);it increased to(89.7±0.7) scores in rESWT group one year later,which was significantly higher than that in control group[(85.3±0.8)scores](t=3.56,P=0.002). The improvement rate was 95% in rESWT group and only 75% in control group. Before treatment,the median VAS score in rESWT group and control group were 5.00(5.00,6.00) and 5.00(4.00,5.75)scores(u=1.13,P=0.29);one month after treatment,the median VAS score in these two groups were 2(1.00,2.75) and 2.00(1.00,2.00)scores(u=0.04,P=0.85);one year later,it was 1.00(0.00,1.00) scores in rESWT group,significantly lower than that in [2.00(1.00,2.00)scores] control group(u=5.09,P=0.02).Conclusion Compared with local hormone injection,rESWT can remarkably alleviate pain and restore shoulder joint function in patients with SLBCN compression syndrome after one year of treatment.

Key words: radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy, local hormone injection, superior lateral brachial cutaneous nerve, Visual Analogue Scale, Constant-Murley Scale

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