Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2006, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 44-48.

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Application of Multi-slice Spiral CT in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Hypertension

ZHANG Yan; ZHANG Zhu-hua; JIN Zheng-yu; ZHANG Yun-qing; QI Bing; LIANG Ji-xiang;ZHU Hai-feng; ZHAO Wen-min; WANG Yun

  

  1. Department of Radiology, PUMC Hospital, CAMS and PUMC, Beijing 100730, China

  • Received:2005-11-11 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2006-02-28 Published:2006-02-28
  • Contact: JIN Zhengyu

Abstract:

ABSTRACT: Objective To evaluate the utility of multi-slice spiral CT in the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension. Methods The clinical and multi-slice spiral CT data of 22 patients with pulmonary hypertension were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnoses included chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) (n=9), primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) (n=7), connective tissue diseases (n=2), portopulmonary hypertension (n=2), eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (n=1), and fibrosing mediastinitis (n=1). Lung parenchyma, such as ground-glass opacity,mosaic attenuation and septal thickness, mediastinum, pulmonary vascular,right ventricular enlargement and interventricular septum displacement were evaluated on CT. Results CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) accurately diagnosed 95% of pulmonary hypertension and the signs of right ventricular dysfunction. Pulmonary embolism was found in 9 patients. The incidence of mosaic attenuation was significantly higher in CTECH than in PPH (P=0.034). Conclusion CTPA can accurately diagnose pulmonary hypertension and thereby provide useful information for the etiological diagnosis.

Key words: pulmonary dypertension, multi-slice spiral ct, anciocrapdy