Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2007, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 62-66.

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Expression of Cell Surface Antigens during the Differentiation of Osteoblast by Human Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

CHEN Miao, QU Qiang, SHEN Ti, ZHANG Shen, CHEN Cui-zhu   

  1. Department of Internal Medicine, Department of General Surgery,
    Central Research Laboratory, PUMC Hospital, CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730, China
  • Received:2005-05-24 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2007-02-28 Published:2007-02-28
  • Contact: QU Qiang

Abstract: ABSTRACT:Objective To explore the phenotypic changes of some cell surface antigens in the process that the bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into osteoblast lineage under certain conditions. Methods The mononuclear cells were isolated from human bone marrow and cultured in the medium in the presence (experimental group) or absence (control group 1) of dexamethasone, ascorbic acid and β-glycerophosphate, or in the α-MEM only (control group 2). The expressions of CD45, CD34, CD117, CD90,and HLA-DR were examined by flow cytometry on culture day 7, 12, and 17. Results Human bone marrow MSCs can differentiate into mature cells with the characteristics of osteoblasts in vitro. The expression of CD45 was low in the experimental group and in the control groups on culture day 7, and became negative from day 12 in all groups. The expressions of CD34 and CD117 were negative at all time points. The expression of CD90 increased on day 12 in all groups, and was more obvious in the control groups. The expression of HLA-DR was gradually elevated along with the differentiation and maturation of osteoblasts in the experimental group, but dropped in the control groups in the later time points. Conclusions MSCs can differentiate into mature osteoblasts after induction. The expression of cell surface antigens during differentiation has characteristic changes, which may be key markers in the early stage of osteoblasts differentiation.

Key words: bone marrow-derived mesencdymal stem cells, osteoblast, cell surface anticens