Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2007, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 782-786.

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Apoptosis of Type Ⅱ Alveolar Epithelial Cell Induced by Bleomycin in Lung Fibrotic Rat

KONG Lu1, GAO Yan-qing2, WANG Ji-feng3, NIU Jian-zhao3, ZHANG Xue-xi1   

  1. 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China
    2STD and AIDS Clinical Center, Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China
    3Laboratory of Cell Biochemistry, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2007-04-09 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2007-12-30 Published:2007-12-30
  • Contact: GAO Yan-qing

Abstract: ABSTRACT:Objective To investigate the effects of bleomycin (BLM) on the apoptosis of type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell (AT Ⅱ) in lung fibrotic rats and its possible mechanisms. Methods Totally 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group(n=8) and BLM group(n=24). Rats in sham group or BLM group were intratracheally instillated with saline or 5 mg/kg of bleomycin, respectively. One, three, and seven days after the instillation of bleomycin, 8 rats in BLM group were taken for AT Ⅱ isolation and purification. Rats in sham group were used to isolate and purify AT Ⅱ on 7 days after the instillation of saline. The cell cycle and apoptosis, intracellular free calcium concentration, and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in AT Ⅱ were determined by flow cytometry. Immunohistochemistry was performed to observe the expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, and Fas. Caspase-3, Caspase-8, and Caspase-9 activities were measured by Caspase activity detection kit. Results The ratio of S phase AT Ⅱ in BLM group was significantly lower than in sham group(P<0.05). AT Ⅱ apoptosis rates on day 1 and 3 were significantly higher in BLM group than in sham group(P<0.01). Intracellular free calcium concentrations in BLM group were significantly higher than in sham group(P<0.05). However, MMP was significantly lower than sham group(P<0.05). The positive rates of Bax, Fas and Caspase-3, Caspase-8, and Caspase-9 activities of BLM group were significantly higher than those of sham group(P<0.05, P<0.01). The positive rates of Bcl-2 on day 1 and 3 were significantly lower than those of sham group (P<0.05). Conclusion Early AT Ⅱ apoptosis may be induced by bleomycin, which may be explained by the increase of intracellular free calcium concentration, depression of MMP, increased expressions of Fas and Bax, and increase of Caspase-3, Caspase-8, and Caspase-9 activities.

Key words: pulmonary fibrosis, bleomycin, alveolar epitdelial cell type Ⅱ, apoptosis