Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2008, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 290-295.

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of β-catenin-specific siRNA Interference on Jurkat and K562 Cells

MAI Yu-jie1,2, QIU Lu-gui1, LI Zeng-jun1, LI Xin1, YU Zhen1, LI Chang-hong1, WANG Ya-fei1, LI Qian1   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Hematology, Institute of Hematology, Blood Disease Hospital, CAMS and PUMC, Tianjin 300020, China
    2 Department of Hematology, Dalian University Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital, Dalian, Liaoning 116000, China
  • Received:2007-08-07 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-06-30 Published:2008-06-30
  • Contact: QIU Lu-gui

Abstract: ABSTRACT:Objective To inhibit the expression of β-catenin and investigate the effect of the β-catenin gene on Jurkat and K562 cells. Methods siRNA specifically knocking down the expression of β-catenin was used to testify the function of β-catenin in Jurkat and K562 cells. Real time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were performed respectively to testify the mRNA level and protein level of β-catenin. Growth curve was determined by counting viable cells using trypan blue refusal-dyed method. The proliferation of cells was assayed by clonogenic counting and MTT method. The apoptotic cells were measured by Annexin V/PI staining. The cell cycle analysis was performed based on propidium iodide staining. Results Compared with the control group (transfected with siRNA directed against scramble gene), the survival, colonogenicity, and proliferation of the Jurkat and K562 cells were significantly decreased in experimental group transfected with β-catenin siRNA. The colonogenicity was decreased from 31.9±5.55 (siRNA) to 25.0±5.13 (control ) in Jurkat cells, and from 47.33±8.52 (siRNA) to 39.33±6.26 (control ) in K562 cells (both P<0.05). The inhibition rate was (49.3±9.86)% (siRNA) and (15.1±6.55)% (control) respectively in Jurkat cells, and (39.4±7.56)% (siRNA) and (10.1±6.89)% (control ) in K562 cells (both P<0.05). In addition, the apoptotic rate increased from (23.5±2.82)% (control group) to (55.9±2.22)% (experiment group) in Jurkat cells and from (14.9±8.54)% (control group) to (27.9±15.3)% (experiment group) in K562 cells. However, cell cycle analysis revealed no obvious phases change both in Jurkat and in K562 cells. Conclusion Knock-down of β-catenin gene may decrease the proliferation, survival, and clonogenicity in Jurkat cells and K562 cells.

Key words: β-catenin, Jurkat cell lines, K562 cell lines, leukemia, rna interference