Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 838-842.doi: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.10303

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Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid Cancer in Children and Adolescents

LIU Jia1,2,WANG Ying1,ZHANG Bo1()   

  1. 1Department of Ultrasound,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China
    2Department of Ultrasound,Civil Aviation Clinical Medical College and Peking University Civil Aviation General Hospital,Beijing 100123,China
  • Received:2018-01-24 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2019-01-03
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of China(2015DFA304408);Capital Medical Development Research Fund(2016-2-40110);2016 Education Reform Program of PUMC(2016zlgc0108)


While thyroid nodules have relatively low incidence in children and adolescents,they are at high risk of malignancy. In addition,the clinical manifestations,biological behaviors,assessment methods,indications of fine-needle aspiration,and treatment principles also differ from those in adults. In the past,the assessment,treatment,and follow-up of thyroid nodules in children and adolescents follow the guidelines for adult patients,which are actually not applicable for children and adolescents in the real-world clinical settings. Based on the latest international guidelines on the management of thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer,this article summarizes the clinical features,pathological characteristics,evaluation methods,treatments,and follow-up of thyroid cancer in children and adolescents.

Key words: children and adolescents, thyroid cancer, diagnosis and treatment

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