2019, 41 (5): 581-588
LI Jie,ZHOU Yuanyuan,ZHAO Le,LI Xu
Objective To evaluate the effect of miR-145 on migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells.Methods The effect of miR-145 overexpression on the expression levels of miR-145 and zeb-2 were detected with qRT-PCR and Western blotting.The changes of in vitro migration and invasion were examined using Transwell assay.Target genes of miR-145 were predicted by bioinformatics software.Dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to verify zeb-2 as a direct target of miR-145.zeb-2 siRNA was transiently transfected in SKOV3 and 3AO cells,Transwell was used to examine in vitro migration and invasion abilities.Results The migration and proliferation of SKOV3(t=10.752,P=0.000;t=5.617,P=0.005)and 3AO cells(t=10.111,P=0.001;t=21.746,P=0.000)decreased significantly after overexpression of miR-145.The results of dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that the relative luciferase activity of co-transfected miR-145 mimic and WT 3’UTR expression vectors was significantly lower than that of co-transfected mimic control and WT 3’UTR expression vectors(SKOV3:t=4.572,P=0.010;3AO:t=3.528,P=0.024).There was no significant difference in relative luciferase activity between co-transfected miR-145 mimic/MUT 3’UTR expression vector cells and co-transfected mimic control/MUT 3’UTR expression vector cells(SKOV3:t=0.227,P=0.831;3AO:t=0.040,P=0.970).Real-time quantitative PCR showed that the zeb-2 expressions in SKOV3(t=1.490,P=0.211)and 3AO cells(t=0.114,P=0.914)were not significantly different from negative control after 48 h of miR-145 overexpression.Western blot analysis showed that the expression of zeb-2 protein in SKOV3(t=3.769,P=0.020)and 3AO cells(t=4.452,P=0.011)decreased significantly compared with negative control after 72 h of miR-145 overexpression.Seventy-two hours after transfection of zeb-2 siRNA,Western blotting showed that the expression of zeb-2 protein in SKOV3(t=4.660,P=0.010)and 3AO cells(t=4.594,P=0.010)was significantly down-regulated.Transwell assay showed that the migration and invasion abilities of SKOV3(t=18.655,P=0.000;t=18.026,P=0.000)and 3AO cells(t=5.500,P=0.005;t=8.780,P=0.001)were significantly decreased.Conclusion miR-145 may inhibit the migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells by targeting zeb-2.
2019, 41 (5): 589-594
ZHANG Songlin,FAN Fenling,WEI Feng,WANG Jun,ZHANG Yushun
Objective To investigate the effect of microRNA-133b(miR-133b)on cardiac fibrosis and its mechanism.Methods Human cardiac fibroblasts(CFs)were harvested.The proliferation of CFs was detected by CCK8 during the overexpression and knock-down of miR-133b.The expressions of connective tissue growth factor(CTGF),α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA),collagen Ⅰ,and collagen Ⅲ were detected with qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis after miR-133b overexpression or downexpression.Target genes of miR-133b were predicted by bioinformatics software.Dual-luciferase activity assay were used to verify a target gene of miR-133b.Results qRT-PCR showed that the expression level of miR-133b in the miR-133b mimic group was significantly higher than that in the negative control group(t=26.219,P=0.000).The expression level of miR-133b in the miR-133b inhibitor group was significantly lower than that in the negative control group(t=6.738,P=0.003).After 21,45,69,93,and 117 hours of transfection,the proliferation ability of CFs significantly decreased in the miR-133b mimic group but significantly increased in the miR-133b group(all P<0.05,compared with the negative control group).After overexpression of miR-133b,the mRNA and protein levels of CTGF(t=9.213,P=0.001;t=8.195,P=0.001),α-SMA(t=6.511,P =0.003;t=4.434,P=0.011),collagenⅠ(t=3.172,P=0.034;t=4.053,P=0.015)and collagen Ⅲ(t=6.404,P=0.003;t=5.319,P=0.006)were significantly down-regulated.After the expression of miR-133b was knocked down,the mRNA and protein levels of CTGF(t=9.439,P=0.001;t=14.100,P=0.000),α-SMA(t=4.519,P=0.011;t=4.377,P=0.012),collagen Ⅰ(t=5.966,P=0.004;t=5.514,P=0.005)and collagen Ⅲ(t=4.622,P=0.010;t=4.996,P=0.008)were significantly increased.The relative luciferase activity of the cells co-transfected with miR-133b mimic and WT 3’UTR expression vector was significantly lower than that of the cells co-transfected with mimic control and WT 3’UTR expression vectors(t=5.654,P=0.005);however,there was no significant difference in relative luciferase activity between cells co-transfected with miR-133b mimic and MUT 3’UTR expression vectors and cells co-transfected with mimic control and MUT 3’UTR expression vectors(t=0.380,P=0.724).Conclusion miR-133b may affect the activation and proliferation of CFs by targeting CTGF and thus improve cardiac fibrosis.
2019, 41 (5): 595-600
WANG Jia,MAO Ni,XIE Xi,LI Shu,CHEN Jinwei
Objective To explore the role of multidrug resistance gene-1(MDR1)gene in methotrexate(MTX)resistance in patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA).Methods Fibroblast-like synoviocytes(FLS)from RA patients were infected with recombinant adenovirus Ad-EGFP-MDR1 in vitro to obtain MDR1 over-expressed RA FLS.The transcription level of MDR1 gene and the expression level of its coding product P-glycoprotein(P-gp) rotein were detected by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis.The efflux function was verified by rhodamine 123 efflux assay.The resistance to MTX was detected by MTT assay.Results RA FLS were infected with recombinant adenovirus Ad-EGFP-MDR1;72 hours later,the particles size in MDR1 over-expressed RA FLS increased,the cell volume became larger,and the growth rate decreased.The transcription level of MDR1(1.4325±0.3924 vs.0.0650±0.0070;t=6.035,P=0.004),the expression level of P-gp protein(1.8667±0.2857 vs. 0.9367±0.0551;t=5.536,P=0.005),and the ability of extracellular rhodamine 123(979.43±196.81 vs.1680.06±147.04;t=-4.940,P=0.008) in MDR1 over-expressed RA FLS were significantly higher than those of negative virus control RA-FLS,and the survival rate of MDR1 over-expressed RA FLS was significantly increased at each concentration of MTX(P<0.05).Conclusion The high expression of MDR1 can affect the efflux ability to MTX by up-regulating the expression of P-gp,thus enhancing the drug resistance to MTX in RA FLS.
2019, 41 (5): 601-608
DENG Leihong,XU Fanghua,ZENG Tao,XU Xiangda,CHAO Haichao
Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of late endosomal/lysosomal adaptor,mitogen-activated protein kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin activator 3(LAMTOR3)in bladder carcinoma.Methods Oncomine and Expression Atlas were used to extract the useful mining gene chip database for analyzing the expression of LAMTOR3 in bladder carcinoma tissues and cell lines,and the correlation of LAMTOR3 with the clinicopathological features were analyzed.RT-PCR,Western blot,and immunohistochemistry were performed to detect the expression of LAMTOR3 in bladder carcinoma cell lines,specimens,and adjacent normal tissues for verifying the results exploited from the above databases.Results The Expression Atlas showed that LAMTOR3 had high expressions in Hs172.T,HT-1376,RT4,JMSU-1,and T24 cell lines among 20 bladder carcinoma cell lines,among which the LAMTOR3 expression was different.Oncomine reported that LAMTOR3 expression in bladder carcinoma,including invasive(t=2.857,P=0.005)and non-invasive carcinoma(t=3.105,P=0.003),was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues.The expression of LAMTOR3 was positively correlated with pathological grade(P<0.05).The expressions of LAMTOR3 mRNA in bladder carcinoma cell lines,including UMUC3(t=10.84,P=0.0084),J82(t=21.75,P=0.0021),5637(t=45.88,P=0.0005),and T24(t=87.58,P=0.0001)were significantly higher than that in normal bladder cell line SV-HUC-1,while its expression in bladder carcinoma tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues(P<0.05),so was its protein level in tissues(P<0.05).Immunohistochemistry showed that LAMTOR3 protein was over-expressed in bladder carcinoma tissues;its level in invasive carcinoma tissues was higher than that in no-invasive carcinoma tissues and was related closely with the clinical stages(χ 2=9.189,P=0.002),pathological grades(χ 2=4.746,P=0.029),and lymphatic metastasis(χ 2=6.210,P=0.013)but had no significant correlation to sex(χ 2=0.965,P=0.326),age(χ 2=2.126,P=0.145),and distant metastasis(χ 2=1.261,P=0.261).Conclusion LAMTOR3 is highly expressed in bladder carcinoma cell lines and tissues and plays a key role in the development and progression of bladder carcinoma.
2019, 41 (5): 609-614
ZHAO Juan,WEI Xing,YANG Ting,ZHAO Minyi,PEI Meili,YANG Xiaofeng
Objective To detect the methylation status of SALL3 gene promoter region in normal cervical tissues,cervical cancer tissues,and cervical cancer cell lines and thus explore the relationship between methylation status and the expression of SALL3 gene.Methods The DNA methylation statuses of SALL3 gene in normal cervical,cervical cancer tissues and cervical cancer cell lines were analyzed by methylation-specific PCR(MS-PCR).The expressions of SALL3 mRNA in cervical cancer cell lines,cervical cancer tissues,and normal cervical tissues were detected by RT-PCR.Results In cervical cancer and matched peri-carcinomatous samples,the methylation levels of SALL3 were up-regulated(CCa vs.CCap:P=0.046;CCa vs.NC P=0.039)and the protein expressions were down-regulated(CCa vs.CCap:P=0.012;CCa vs.NC P=0.000)when compared with normal cervix samples.The mRNA levels of SALL3 in HeLa and SiHa cells treated with 5-Azacytidine were elevated in a dose-dependent manner(HeLa:P=0.001;SiHa:P=0.002).The methylation level of SALL3 was higher in high risk human papillomavirus(HPV)-positive cervical samples than in HPV-negative cervical samples(P=0.014),which also resulted in a descending SALL3 expression in HPV-positive samples(P=0.021).Conclusions The hypermethylation of SALL3 in promoter regions inhibits the expression of SALL3 in cervical cancer tissue samples.Infection with high-risk HPV serotypes may increase the methylation of SALL3 promoter region,silence its expression,and thus promote the development of cervical cancer.
2019, 41 (5): 615-621
DUAN Yanping,WEI Jing,HONG Xia,CAO Jinya,SHI Lili,ZHAO Xiaohui,KE Meiyun,ZHU Yuanjue,LI Shunwei,JIANG Jing,SHAN Guangliang
Objective To validate the Union Physio-Psycho-Social Assessment Questionnaire(UPPSAQ-70)and test its validity and reliability.Methods From April,2013 to July,2018,patients were asked to finish the computer evaluation of UPPSAQ-70 and Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90)in Peking Union Medical College Hospital(PUMCH).Confirmatory factor analysis(CFA)was conducted on the SPSS 17.0,and the number of fixed factors was 8 factors and 3 factors.Amos 23.0 was used to verify the original 8-factor model,8-factor revision model,3-factor model,3-factor revision model,and single-factor model.Each factor of SCL-90 was used as the calibration standard to calculate the correlation coefficient between factors.The retest reliability was tested by the outpatients in PUMCH in July,2018.Results Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the 8-factor revised model included:depression,anxiety and fatigue,sleep,physical discomfort,sexual function,happiness and satisfaction,hypochondria,and social anxiety.The 3 factors revised model included that:psychological,physiological and social dimension.Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the 8-factor modified model was superior to the 3-factor model and the single-factor model: χ 2=10 410.4,df=1862,RMSEA=0.07,CFI=0.753,and NFI=0.715.With SCL-90 as the standard criteria,except the low correlation coefficient between emotional scale and depression(r=0.600)and anxiety(r=0.520),the correlation coefficients of other symptoms were below 0.5.The chronbach’s α between each factor and total score of UPPSAQ-70 was between 0.823 and 0.904,and the Chronbach’s α coefficient of the whole scale was between 0.954 and 0.956 after each item was deleted.The retest reliability of the scale of 32 participants Chronbach’s α was 0.847.Each item of the scale measured between one week was significantly correlated(P<0.05). Conclusion UPPSAQ-70 is a good scale for evaluating overall health status and is especially feasible in general hospitals.
2019, 41 (5): 622-629
WANG Qinghai,JI Jianlei,LI Hong,HE Pingli,SONG Lixia,ZHAO Yang,WANG Hongyang,HUANG Tao,SUN Xiaoxia,CAO Yanwei,DONG Zhen,SHI Bingbing
Objective To investigate the clinical value of preoperative lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio(LMR)in evaluating the prognosis of patients with stage T1 non-muscle invasive bladder cancer(NMIBC).Methods A total of 215 patients with stage T1 NMIBC who underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor were enrolled.Clinical data were collected.Patients were followed up and their disease-free survival(DFS)and overall survival(OS)were recorded.The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve of preoperative LMR in detecting patient prognosis was used to determine the optimal cut-off value for LMR.Patients were divided into low LMR group(LMR <3.86,n=77)and high LMR group(LMR ≥ 3.86,n=138).Kaplan-Meier survival curves were explored to compare cumulative DFS and OS rates in patients with different LMR levels,and COX proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze factors associated with DFS and OS.Results All these 215 patients with T1 stage NMIBC were followed up for 2-92 months,and the DFS rate was 59.07% and OS rate was 65.12%.Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the cumulative DFS rate(χ 2=4.784,P=0.029)and cumulative OS rate(χ 2=7.146, P=0.008)in the low LMR group were significantly lower than those in the high LMR group.Tumor size ≥ 3 cm(HR=1.398,95% CI:1.042-1.875,P=0.025),pathological grade G3(HR=1.266,95% CI:1.026-1.563,P=0.028),and LMR ≥ 3.86(HR=2.347,95% CI:1.080-5.101,P=0.031)were independent factors associated with DFS in patients with stage T1 NMIBC.In addition,tumor size ≥ 3 cm(HR=1.228,95% CI:1.015-1.484,P=0.034),pathological grade G3(HR=1.366,95% CI:1.017-1.834,P=0.038),and LMR<3.86(HR=2.008,95% CI:1.052-3.832,P=0.035)were independent factors associated with OS in patients with T1 stage NMIBC. Conclusion Preoperative LMR is an independent factor associated with patients’ prognosis in T1 stage NIMBC.Patients with low LMR tend to have higher risk of NMIBC progression and death.
2019, 41 (5): 630-635
XIE Zhaoyun,LI Yaofu,MENG Guiluan,XIONG Yun,LI Yuanjun,CHEN Yingqiang
Objective To explore the correlation between asymptomatic bacteriuria(AB)and surgical site infection(SSI)in middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy.Methods The clinical data of 1469 middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from June 2011 to August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Factors associated with SSI after operation were analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression models to identify the relationship of AB with SSI after open hysterectomy.Results Of these 1469 patients,101(6.88%)had SSI and 124 had AB[including 14 patients(11.29%)with infections].In addition,1345 patients had no AB,among whom 87(6.47%)had infections.Thus,the infection rate in patients with AB was significantly higher than that in patients without AB(χ 2=4.123,P=0.042).Univariate analysis showed AB,history of diabetes mellitus,surgical procedure,length of stay(>15 d),season(summer and autumn),body mass index(≥25 kg/m 2),nature of lesions(malignant tumors),ASA grade(>grade Ⅱ),incision length(≥10 cm),and operative time(≥3 h),bleeding volume(≥1000 ml),serum albumin concentration(<30 g/L),blood glucose(≥10 mmol/L),and hemoglobin concentration(<90 g/L)were associated with SSI(all P <0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that AB,nature of lesions(malignant tumors),blood glucose(≥10 mmol/L),operative time(≥3 h),and ASA grade(>grade Ⅱ)were risk factors for SSI in these patients(all P <0.05). Conclusions AB is one of the risk factors for SSI in middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy.Screening and treatment of AB before surgery can reduce the risk of SSI.ASA grading shall be performed before surgery before corresponding preparation was offered.Effective control of blood glucose,improved surgical skills,and shorter operative time are helpful for lowering postoperative SSI.
2019, 41 (5): 636-645
LI Ningning, BAI Chunmei, ZHAO Lin, GE Yuping
Objective To compare the differences in fecal flora among patients with esophageal cancer,gastric cancer,or colorectal cancer and between patients with gastrointestinal tumors and healthy people.Methods The 16S rRNA method was used to analyze the differences in fecal flora among 13 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma,23 patients with gastric cancer,6 patients with colorectal cancer,and 49 healthy persons.Results Bifidobacterium,Faecalibacterium prausnitzii,and Ruminococcus callidus were less abundant in the fecal flora of cancer patients than in those of healthy controls(all P<0.05).Some species of Firmicutes and Actinobacteria were significantly reduced in the feces of patients with esophageal cancer or gastric cancer than in healthy people(P<0.05),whereas others showed consistency with the intestinal cancer group.Anti-tumor treatment,antibiotics,and lactic acid could affect the fecal flora of cancer patients.Conclusion The gut microbiota compositions(mainly Firmicutes and Actinobacteria)and some specific bacteria species in the feces of patients with esophageal cancer and gastric cancer are similar to those in the feces of patients with intestinal cancer,suggesting these bacteria may be involved in the development of upper gastrointestinal tumors.
2019, 41 (5): 646-657
LIU Huiting,ZHAO Yuxi,LI Yilin,FENG Ruie,WANG Peng,WANG Jinglan,WANG Mengzhao,XU Kaifeng,SHI Juhong,XIAO Yi,ZHAO Jing
Objective To summarize the characteristics of Chinese coccidioidomycosis cases, improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease and prevent misdiagnosis as well as therapeutic error.Methods Search in databases including Medline,Wanfang,and CNKI using “Coccidioidomycosis” and “China” as index words yielded 23 articles that reported a total of 32 Chinese coccidioidomycosis cases.In addition,one patient with disseminated coccidioidomycos was treated in our center in April 2016.The demographic data,site of infection,clinical manifestations,past medical history,exposure history,imaging and laboratory findings,and pathological features of these 33 patients were analyzed.Results Among these 33 patients,7(21.2%)had visited an epidemic area and 6(18.2%)were immunocompromised.The disease involved the respiratory system,skin,bone,central nervous system,cornea,and stomach in 24,6,3,2,1,and 1 patients,respectively.Eight patients (24.2%) had multiple system involvement,and three of them died.The imaging findings included pulmonary nodules(n=14),mediastinal lymphadenopathy(n=5),solid shadow(n=4),cavity(n=4),pleural effusion(n=3),multiple plaques(n=2)and masses(n=2).Coccidiolys cysts were detected in the affected tissues(n=28)or in pus,exudate or pleural smear(n=3);in addition,coccidioides mycelium and spores were found in the sputum,pus,and tissue cultures in 4 cases,among whom only 2 cases were confirmed by serological examination.The treatments included triazoles(n=20),systemic or local administration of amphotericin B(n=13),surgical resection of the lesion(n=8),and intravenous gamma globulin(n=1).Five patients died,among whom three had underlying diseases that caused immunosuppression and one was an infant.The prognoses were relatively good in the remaining patients.Conclusions Early diagnosis and proper treatment can achieve good prognosis in coccidioidomycosis patients.Multi-system involvement and immunosuppression are risk factors for poor prognosis of coccidioidomycosis.For these patients,adequate and full-course medication may prevent rapid disease progression.
2019, 41 (5): 658-662
ZHAO Ruina,ZHANG Bo,JIANG Yuxin
Objective To analyze the clinical features of Von-Hippel-Lindau(VHL)syndrome and explore the diagnostic value of abdominal ultrasound for this disease.Methods The clinical features including age at first diagnosis,symptoms,signs,affected organs,number of operations,and diagnostic examinations of 35 patients with VHL syndrome admitted to our center from January 1994 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.The diagnostic value of abdominal ultrasound for VHL syndrome was analyzed.Results Pheochromocytoma(n=14)and nervous system hemangioblastoma(n=13)were the common firstly-identified tumors.Nervous system hemangioblastoma(n=21),pheochromocytoma(n=19),renal carcinoma(n=17),and pancreatic mass(n=15)were common tumors.The main surgical reasons were nervous system hemangioblastoma(n=22),pheochromocytoma(n=23)and renal carcinoma(n=13).Abdominal organ involvements were found in 33 patients,which were first detected by abdominal ultrasound in 20 patients and were found accidently during routine health checkups in 6 patients.The ultrasound results were accurate in 27 of 33 adrenal gland scans,13 of 16 pancreas scans,and 8 of 19 kidney scans.Conclusions When multiple tumors are detected in the kidney,adrenal gland,and pancreas by ultrasound,the possibility of VHL syndrome should be considered.When the clinical findings suggest the possibility of VHL syndrome,ultrasound can discover and diagnose the abdominal tumors and can also be used for the long-term follow-up of the tumors.Therefore,ultrasound is an important method in the screening and follow-up of patients with VHL syndrome.
2019, 41 (5): 663-666
FU Peng,CHEN Wen,CUI Ligang,XUE Heng,JIANG Ling
Objective To compare the predictive value of different ratio measurement in predicting the risk of malignant thyroid nodules and to determine the best value of ratio in diagnosing thyroid nodules.Methods The clinical data of 342 thyroid nodules diagnosed by ultrasonography and confirmed by histology in our hospital from January 2018 to August 2018 were analyzed.The ratio of nodules in different sections,including longitudinal plane ratio(A/TL)and transverse plane ratio(A/TC),was obtained through the maximum head-foot diameter(TL),the maximum left-right diameter(TC),and the anterior-posterior diameter(A)of transverse section measured by ultrasonography.The correlation of histological diagnosis of benign or malignant nodule with longitudinal ratio and transverse ratio were analyzed.Results The A/TC and A/TL of malignant nodules were 1.00(0.83,1.17)and 0.81(0.65,1.00),respectively,which were significantly higher than those of benign nodules [0.81(0.67,0.93)(Z=-6.567,P=0.000)and 0.63(0.52,0.75)(Z=-7.239,P=0.000)].The area under the ROC curve of A/TC and A/TL was 0.734 and 0.712,respectively,showing no significant difference(area difference:0.0210,standard error:0.0213,95% CI:-0.0207-0.0627,Z=0.987,P=0.3235).The threshold values of A/TC and A/TL for predicting malignant nodules were 0.784 161 5 and 0.985 714 5,respectively.Conclusions Both A/TL and A/TC has similar diagnostic value in predicting the risk of malignant nodules.The best cutoff value of the above two ratios are 0.78 and 0.99 respectively.
2019, 41 (5): 667-672
XU Aqiao,WENG Xiaobo,ZHENG Jing,LI Zhiqing,WANG Xiaoling,ZHANG Shengjian
Objective To compare the values of dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance imaging(DCE-MRI),digital breast tomosynthesis(DBT),and digital mammography(DM)in the early detection and diagnosis of breast cancer.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and imaging data of 65 cases with early breast cancer confirmed by surgical pathology from June 2017 to December 2018.All patients underwent breast DCE-MRI,DM and DBT before surgery.The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves were drawn,with the pathological results as the gold standard,to evaluate the diagnostic performance of different examination methods.The areas under ROC curves(AUCs)were compared using Z test.The differences among DCE-MRI,DBT and DM in detecting early breast cancer were compared using chi-square test in terms of positive rates,accuracy,sensitivity,and specificity.Pearson correlation analysis was performed to assess the accuracy of these imaging methods in detecting the size of early breast cancer.Results The AUCs of DCE-MRI,DBT,and DM based on the BI-RADS classification for early diagnosis of breast cancer were 0.910,0.832,and 0.700,respectively(z=2.132,P=0.001);the sensitivity of DCE-MRI,DBT,and DM for early breast cancer was 92.3%,70.8%,and 52.5%,the specificity was 65.0%,85.0%,and 79.3%,and the accuracy was 83.1%,70.8%,and 50.8%,indicating that DCE-MRI(χ 2=15.330,P=0.0001) and DBT(χ 2=5.450,P=0.020) had significantly higher diagnostic accuracy than DM.The measurement results of DM,DBT,and DCE-MRI were positively correlated with the pathological measurements(r=0.781,r=0.847,r=0.946;all P<0.01). Conclusions DCE-MRI and DBT have higher positive rates and accuracies than DM in detecting early breast cancer.Medical institutions where DCE-MRI is still not available can use DBT to improve the early detection of breast cancer.
2019, 41 (5): 673-677
PENG Li,ZHAO Jialin,ZHAO Dachun,ZHANG Yanna,MAO Feng,SUN Qiang
Objective To approach the discordance of estrogen receptor(ER),progesterone receptor(PR),Cerb-B2,Ki-67 index and P53 expressions between primary and regional or distant recurrent lesions in recurrent or metastatic breast cancer patients.Methods Clinical and pathological data of 56 recurrent or metastatic breast cancer patients who were treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2001 to February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The changes in the expressions of ER,PR,Cerb-B2,Ki-67 index,and P53 status were analyzed.Results The hormone receptor positive rate between primary tumor and recurrent or metastatic sites decreased from 60.7% to 57.1% for ER and from 55.4% to 44.6% for PR,respectively.Changes in hormone receptor status were seen at the rate of 12.5%(7/56)and 16.1%(9/56)for ER and PR,respectively.Cerb-B2 receptor positive rate increased from 19.1% to 29.5% and the discordance rate was 9.1%(4/44).The discordance rate of Ki-67 index was 24.5%(12/49).The P53 receptor positive rate increased from 37.5% to 55.6% and the discordance rate was 13.3%(6/45).Conclusion Although the relevant rules of above changes are still controversial,these findings still have great clinical significance for making effective treatment decisions of recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.
2019, 41 (5): 678-684
LI Qiuyu,YU Feng
Systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)is a chronic autoimmune disease that involves multiple organs and tissues.Its pathogenic mechanism remains unclear.Impaired inflammatory response and reduced clearance of immune cells are key events in the development of SLE,during which the pentraxin family plays an important role.This article summarizes recent advances in the relationship between anti-C-reactive protein autoantibody and SLE.
2019, 41 (5): 685-689
YAN Tianmeng,ZUO Yagang
Bullous pemphigoid(BP)is an autoimmune blister disease caused by antibodies to the basement membrane zone.It usually exhibits tense bullae in skin and mucous membrane.BP patients can suffer from thrombosis due to hypercoagulation and/or hemorrhage due to the presence of anti-coagulation factors,which may be explained by the eosinophils,antibodies to the coagulation factors,and fibrinolytic system hyperactivity or inhibition.
2019, 41 (5): 690-695
TANG Jiajia,ZHANG Bo
Despite its low incidence,medullary thyroid carcinoma(MTC)is featured by its fast progression and poor prognosis.Early diagnosis and treatment is therefore particularly important.As a convenient and non-invasive diagnostic tool,ultrasound plays a key role in the diagnosis and follow-up of MTC.In recent years,the application of conventional ultrasound,ultrasonic elastography,and ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy has dramatically improved the diagnostic accuracy of MTC.
2019, 41 (5): 696-701
ZHU Changzhen,LIU Dong,KANG Weiming
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GISTs)are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and respond poorly to conventional radiochemotherapy.Complete excision is the only possible way to cure GISTs.Although targeted therapy is effective for GISTs,multiple and/or secondary mutations of KIT or PDGFRA gene have lead to increased drug resistance and disease relapse.A variety of tumor infiltrating immune cells and complex immune microenvironments have been found in GISTs.Many immune cells participate in the occurrence and development of GISTs and play key roles in targeted therapy.The feasibility and effectiveness of immunotherapy for GISTs have been well demonstrated in preclinical and clinical studies.
2019, 41 (5): 702-708
ZHANG He,ZHENG Yan
Alzheimer’s disease(AD)is a central nervous system disease characterized by progressive cognitive dysfunction and memory loss.Increasing evidences suggest that β amyloid(Aβ)plays a critical role and may be a upstream molecule in AD pathogenesis involving both genetic and environmental factors.Aβ accumulation and its related inflammation are considered early events preceding neurodegeneration and neuronal loss in AD brain.However,all strategies and compounds targeting Aβ deposition have failed in clinical trials,implying complexity of AD pathogenesis.This article reviews Aβ hypothesis and its related mechanisms,pathophysiological process,and therapeutics of AD.
2019, 41 (5): 709-713
WANG Zhan,ZHANG Yushi
Renal cell carcinoma(RCC)is one of the most common malignant tumors in the urinary system.Many patients have already been in the advanced stage at the first medical consultation and the prognosis is dismal.Metabonomics searches for differential metabolomes through high-throughput analysis of endogenous metabolites showing high potential in the early diagnosis of RCC and the investigations on its pathophysiological mechanisms.Metabonomics techniques are also useful for identifying tumor markers,which will help to enable early diagnosis and improve clinical prognosis of RCC.
2019, 41 (5): 714-718
ZHAO Junjie,YANG Yanhong
Leucine-rich glioma-inactivated protein 1(LGI1)antibody-associated encephalitis is an autoimmune brain disease mainly seen in mid-aged and elderly people.Its main clinical manifestations include abnormal mental behaviors,facial-arm dystonia,hyponatremia,and hypokalemia.Immunotherapy with gamma globulin and/or hormone is effective.Two patients with LGT1 antibody-associated encephalitis were diagnosed in our center between January 2018 and October 2018,with typical clinical findings.The disease was cursed after immunoglobulin and hormone treatments.
2019, 41 (5): 719-722
XU Huan,CHEN Zhiye
Extracerebral cavernous hemangioma typically occurs in cavernous sinus in middle cranial fossa,showing iso-or hypointensity on T1WI,obvious hyperintensity on T2WI,and evident enhancement after contrast administration during magnetic resonance imaging(MRI).In this article we report one case of atypical cavernous hemangioma of the trigeminal nerve,with atypical MRI findings including isotense or slight long T2 signal,dotty short T1 signal,and non-enhancement on T1WI.